Charles Darwin was a British naturalist and scientist who is best known for his theory of evolution by natural selection. Born in 1809, Darwin was fascinated by the natural world from a young age, and his curiosity and passion for science eventually led him to enroll in medical school at the University of Edinburgh.
However, Darwin soon realized that he was more interested in studying the natural world than practicing medicine, and he eventually dropped out of school to pursue his true passion.
In 1831, Darwin was given the opportunity to join an expedition on the HMS Beagle, a journey that would change the course of his life and the way we think about the world. During the voyage, Darwin collected specimens and observations from various locations around the world, including the Galapagos Islands, where he observed the diverse species of finches that would later become a key part of his theory of evolution.
Upon his return to England, Darwin spent many years studying and analyzing the data he had collected, and in 1859 he published a book called «On the Origin of Species» that outlined his theory of evolution by natural selection. The book, which was revolutionary at the time, argued that species evolve and adapt over time through the process of natural selection, in which those individuals with beneficial traits are more likely to survive and reproduce.
Charles Darwin’s work has had a lasting impact on the scientific community and the way we think about the natural world. His theory of evolution by natural selection has become a cornerstone of modern biology, and his contributions to the field of science continue to be studied and celebrated today.